Local development programme in the cluster of villages around Goubi (Tchamba Administrative District)
The canton of Goubi is located in the Tchamba administrative District in north-eastern Togo. About 7,000 people live in the cluster of villages. More than half of the population live on less than US $1 per day. This poverty is rampant and affects all social segments of the population. The population of this canton are confronted with the importance of poverty in rural areas, i.e.: the weakness of the monetary income, the shortage of fertile lands, the inadequacy of access to grassroot social infrastructures and, as a matter fact, more and more youths leave the area for towns. The schooling rate is still very low despite the free education programme. The classrooms are overcrowded at the primary school level with about 44 pupils for everyone school teacher and 43 pupils per classroom in the state primary schools.
According to the QUIBB 2006 and 2011 poverty profile, the proportion of the population that is “multidimensionally” poor went down from 59.4 percent in 2006 to 51.9 percent in 2010, which means a drop of 8 points. In urban areas, it dwindles from 30.0 percent down to 25.8 percent, which corresponds to a 7.2 reduction points. The reduction is more important in rural areas where it falls from 76 percent to 67.6 percent, i.e., a drop of 8.4 points. However, in this area, the poverty rate covers 87.9 percent of the population. The rate of access to water and sanitary installations in the canton remain very weak (10 percent). Very often, the populations ease themselves in the open and, as a result, during the rainy seasons this waste gets drained away into the rivers, the water of which is drunk by these populations. The rate of access to sanitary institutions is also weak (5 percent). The rate of access to electricity is 1 percent and this rate is linked to some recent installations by the government of solar energy equipments. According to the QUIBB 2006 and 2011 investigation, one notes, at the national level that 66.1 percent of the households believe that the needs for healthcare attention among the members of their families are not met. The analysis according to the area where they reside shows that 72.3 percent of the households in the rural area and 71.6 percent in the urban areas have healthcare needs that are not met. In this locality, one notes a huge precariousness in the healthcare services. There exists just one small dispensary that is poorly equipped and does not have the required personnel and one also notes the lack of equipments and appropriate drugs.
When it comes to the environment, it should be noted that all forests in the village are about to be completely destroyed by timber traffickers from Bénin or Togo who cut down illegally all iroko and teck trees and other species. The Abdoulaye forest not far from the canton is constantly threatened by these human activities and the lack of sufficient investments.
Last of all, at the agricultural level, it should be noted that almost 90 percent of the villagers in the area live on agriculture. However, for the past 10 years, we have noted constant soil degradation due to the overuse of chemical fertilizers and a poor mastery of the cultivation techniques. These evils engender a massive rural exodus towards the urban areas.
To contribute to the development of this locality that hardly benefits from development programmes, ANCE has put in place this comprehensive development programme for the canton, including several components ; some of them are: wsater and sanitation, support to sustainable agriculture, the support to the acquisition of solar energy equipments, the construction of an equipped healthcare centre with full equipments and medications, etc.
Our first activity in the area was an important donation of diverse materials and equipments in December 2017 with the support of the Crossroad Limited Foundation (Hong Kong).
To watch the donation ceremony that was held at Goubi, watch the 6-minute film by clicking here.
Are you interested in joining us for the local development of one of the most vulnerable areas in Togo, please click here